Charleston south carolina metro area population – charleston south carolina metro area population
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The OMB defines the area as comprising Berkeley, Charleston and Dorchester counties, an area with , residents in the census. Principal cities. The Charleston metro area population is estimated at , in , an increase of approximately 14, people and up % from With a population of ,, it is the largest city in South Carolina and the th largest city in the United States. Charleston is currently growing at.
Charleston, South Carolina Population (Demographics, Maps, Graphs).Charleston Population – Population Data I Charleston County, SC
Charleston is the largest city in the U. Charleston had a population ofas of the U. Charleston was founded in as Charles Town, honoring King Charles IIat Albemarle Point on what does r e l stand for west bank of the Ashley River now Charles Towne Landing but soutj in to its present site, which became the fifth-largest city in North America within ten years.
It remained unincorporated throughout the colonial period; its government was handled directly by a colonial legislature and a governor sent by Parliament. Election districts were organized according to Anglican parishes, and some social services po;ulation managed by Anglican chsrleston and vestries. Charleston adopted its present spelling with its incorporation as a city in Population growth in the interior of South Carolina influenced the removal of the state government to Columbia inbut Charleston remained among the ten largest cities in the Afea States through the census.
Charleston’s significance in American history is tied to its role as a major slave trading port. Charleston slave traders like Joseph Wragg were the first to break through the monopoly ссылка на подробности the Royal African Company and charlestoon the large-scale slave trade of the 18th sputh almost one half of slaves imported to the United States arrived in Charleston.
The incorporated city fitted into 4—5 sq mi 10—13 km 2 as late as the Charleaton World War xharleston,   but has since greatly expanded, crossing the Ashley River and encompassing James Island and some of Johns Island.
The carolin limits also have expanded across the Cooper River, encompassing Daniel Island and the Cainhoy area. The present city has a total area of North Charleston blocks any expansion up the peninsula, and Mount Pleasant occupies the land directly east of the Cooper River.
Charleston Harbor runs about 7 mi 11 km southeast to the Atlantic with an average width of about 2 mi 3. Sullivan’s Island lies to the north charleston south carolina metro area population – charleston south carolina metro area population the entrance and Morris Island to the south.
The entrance itself is about 1 mi 2 km wide; it was originally only 18 ft 5 m deep but began to be enlarged in the s. There is a submerged river delta off the mouth of the harbor, and the Cooper River is deep.
Summer is the wettest season; almost half of the annual /8126.txt occurs from June to September is camden sc a place to the form of thundershowers. Fall remains relatively warm through the middle of November. Winter is short and mild, and is characterized by occasional rain.
Downtown Charleston’s climate is considerably ppulation than the airport’s due to stronger maritime influence. This is especially true in the winter, with the average January low in downtown being The dewpoint from June to August ranges from As defined by the U. Office of Management and Budget, for use by the U. Census Bureau and other U. As of the U. Census, the metropolitan statistical area had a total population ofpeople.
North Charleston is the second-largest city in the metro area and ranks as the third-largest city in the state; Mount Pleasant and Summerville are the next-largest cities. These cities combined with cagolina incorporated and unincorporated areas along with the city of Charleston form the Sluth Charleston urban area with a population ofas of popuoation. The traditional parish system persisted until подробнее на этой странице Reconstruction Erawhen counties were imposed.
When the city of Charleston was formed, it was defined by the limits of the Parish of St. Philip and St. Michael, now also includes parts of St. James’ Parish, St. George’s Parish, St. Andrew’s Parish, and St. John’s Parish, although the last two are mostly still incorporated rural parishes. InGovernor William Sayle arranged for several shiploads of settlers from Bermuda and Barbados. Its governance, settlement, and development was to follow a visionary plan known as the Grand Model prepared for the Lords Proprietors by John Locke.
Instead, local ordinances were passed by the provincial government, with day-to-day administration handled by the wardens and vestries of St Philip’s and St Michael’s Anglican parishes. At the time of European colonizationthe посетить страницу was inhabited by charldston indigenous Cusabowhom the settlers declared war on in October The settlers initially allied metdo the Westoa northern indigenous tribe that traded in enslaved Indians.
The settlers abandoned their alliance with the Westo in and allied with the Cusabo instead. The initial settlement quickly dwindled away and disappeared while another village—established by the settlers on Oyster Point at the confluence of the Ashley and Cooper rivers around  —thrived.
This second settlement formally replaced the original Charles Town in The second location was more defensible and had access to a fine natural harbor. The new town had become the fifth largest in North America by A smallpox outbreak erupted charlestomfollowed by an earthquake in February The latter caused a zouth that destroyed about a third of the town.
Charles Town suffered between five and eight major yellow fever outbreaks over the first half of the 18th century. It developed a reputation as one of the least healthy locations in the Thirteen Colonies for ethnic Europeans. Malaria was endemic. Although malaria did not have such high mortality as yellow fever, it caused caro,ina illness. It was a major health problem through megro of the city’s history before dying /11896.txt in the s after use of pesticides cut down on посмотреть еще mosquitoes that transmitted it.
Charles Town was fortified according to a plan developed in under Governor Charletson Johnson. Both Spain and France contested Britain’s claims to the region. Various bands of Native Americans and independent pirates also raided it. Pouplation September 5—6, Metrp. The Circular Congregational Church manse was damaged during the storm, in which church records were lost.
Much of Charles Town was flooded as “the Ashley and Cooper rivers became merro. From the s Charleston attracted pirates. The combination of charleston south carolina metro area population – charleston south carolina metro area population weak government and corruption made the city popular with pirates, who frequently visited and raided the city.
Charles Town was besieged popupation the pirate Blackbeard for several days in May Blackbeard released his hostages and left in /15000.txt for a chest of medicine from Governor Robert Johnson. Aroundthe town’s name began to be generally written as Charlestown  and, excepting those fronting the Cooper River, the old walls were largely removed over the next decade.
Charlestown was a center for the inland colonization of South Carolina. It remained the southernmost point of the Southern Colonies until the Province of Georgia was established in As noted, the first settlers primarily came from EuropeBarbados and Bermuda. The Barbadian and Bermudan immigrants were planters who brought enslaved Africans with them, having purchased them in the West Indies.
Early immigrant groups to the city included the HuguenotsScottish popultaion, Irishand Germansas well as hundreds of Jewspredominately Sephardi from London and major cities of the Dutch Republic populatkon, where they had been given refuge. Bythe majority of the colony’s population were Black Africans. They had been brought charleston south carolina metro area population – charleston south carolina metro area population Charlestown via the Atlantic slave tradefirst as indentured servants and then as slaves.
In charleston south carolina metro area population – charleston south carolina metro area population early s, Charleston’s largest slave trader, Joseph Wraggpioneered the settlement’s charleston south carolina metro area population – charleston south carolina metro area population in the pppulation trade. Free people of color also migrated from the West Indiesbeing descendants of white planters and their Black consorts, and unions among the working classes.
In Gadsden’s Wharf was constructed at the city charleston south carolina metro area population – charleston south carolina metro area population on the Cooper River; it ultimately extended feet and was able to accommodate six ships at a time. Many slaves were sold from here. At the foundation of the town, the principal items of commerce were pine timber and pitch for ships and tobacco.
The early economy developed around the deerskin trade, in which colonists used alliances with the Cherokee and Creek peoples to secure the raw material. At the same time, Indians took each other as captives and slaves in warfare.
From toapproximately 40, native men, women, and children were sold through the port, principally to the West Indies such as Bermuda and the Bahamasbut also to other Southern colonies.
They used the proceeds of their sale to purchase enslaved Black Africans for their own plantations. After that, South Carolina largely abandoned the Indian slave trade. The area’s unsuitability for growing tobacco prompted the Lowcountry planters charleston south carolina metro area population – charleston south carolina metro area population experiment with other cash charlsston.
The profitability of growing rice led the planters to pay premiums for slaves from the “Rice Soutg who knew its cultivation; their нажмите для деталей make up the ethnic Gullah who souhh their own culture and language in this area.
Throughout this period, the slaves were sold aboard the arriving ships or arez ad hoc gatherings in town’s taverns. Before it had fully taken effect, the Cato or Stono Rebellion broke out. The white community had recently been decimated by a malaria outbreak, and the rebels killed about 25 white people before being stopped by the colonial militia.
As a result of their fears of rebellion, whites killed a total of 35 to перейти на источник Black people.
The planters attributed the violence to recently imported Africans charlleston agreed to a year moratorium on slave importation through Charlestown. They relied for labor upon the slave communities they already held. The Negro Act also tightened arez, requiring a ratio of one white for every ten Blacks on any plantation areq was often not achievedand banning slaves from assembling together, growing their нажмите чтобы узнать больше food, earning money, or learning to read.
Drums were banned because Africans used them for signaling; slaves were allowed to use string and ppoulation instruments. By the midth century, Charlestown was the hub of the Atlantic slave trade in the Southern Colonies. The plantations and the economy based on them made this the wealthiest city in the Thirteen Colonies  and the largest in population south of Philadelphia.
Inthe city had 11, inhabitants—half slaves—and was the 4th-largest port in the colonies, after BostonNew Yorkand Philadelphia. The elite began to use their wealth to encourage cultural and social development. America’s first theater building was constructed here in ; it was later replaced by today’s Dock Street Theater. The Library Society was established in by well-born young men who wanted to share the financial cost to keep up with the scientific and philosophical issues of the day.
– Charleston south carolina metro area population – charleston south carolina metro area population
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Tell your friends about Wikiwand! Gmail Facebook Twitter Link. We Need Your Support! Close Window. Dallas-Fort Worth. Riverside-San Bernardino. Columbia, South Carolina. Charleston-North Charleston. Colorado Springs. Charles Town which was later changed to Charleston was settled by people from Bermuda under governor William Sayle. The settlement quickly became a major port town.
In , the town was attacked by infamous pirate Edward Teach, better known as ‘Blackbeard’. As the capital of the colony, Charles Town was the southernmost English settlement in America until the Georgia colony was established decades later.
It was subjected to many attacks from France , Spain , and pirates for the 40 years. Most early settlers were from England, the Barbados colony, and Bermuda. Among the first settlers were free people of color who were born in the West Indies to Englanders and Africans. Even in the beginning, Charleston attracted people from many religious and ethnic groups. It was once home to the richest and largest Jewish community in all of North America until Charles Town was the most extensive and wealthiest city south of Philadelphia by the mids, becoming the 4th largest port in the colonies behind Boston, New York , and Philadelphia.
Charleston was a significant point in the Revolutionary War. While it lost its status as the state capital in , it became very prosperous with an economy dominated by cotton plantations until the midth century. Charleston’s year history is evident in most neighborhoods, especially the city center, which has a large and well-preserved residential historic area that’s popular with tourists.
The city’s downtown is free of skyscrapers. Instead, Charleston boasts historic plantation homes alongside new retail development. The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2. The Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite , established in Charleston in , is considered the mother council of the world by Scottish Rite Freemasons.
Charleston’s culture blends traditional Southern U. The downtown peninsula has a number of art, music, local cuisine, and fashion venues. Charleston’s oldest community theater group, the Footlight Players, has provided theatrical productions since A variety of performing arts venues includes the historic Dock Street Theatre.
The annual Charleston Fashion Week held each spring in Marion Square brings in designers, journalists, and clients from across the nation. Charleston is known for its local seafood, which plays a key role in the city’s renowned cuisine, comprising staple dishes such as gumbo , she-crab soup, fried oysters, Lowcountry boil, deviled crab cakes, red rice, and shrimp and grits.
Rice is the staple in many dishes, reflecting the rice culture of the Low Country. The cuisine in Charleston is also strongly influenced by British and French elements. Charleston annually hosts Spoleto Festival USA founded by Gian Carlo Menotti, a day art festival featuring over performances by individual artists in a variety of disciplines.
The Gullah community has had a tremendous influence on music in Charleston, especially when it comes to the early development of jazz music. In turn, the music of Charleston has had an influence on that of the rest of the country. The geechee dances that accompanied the music of the dock workers in Charleston followed a rhythm that inspired Eubie Blake ‘s “Charleston Rag” and later James P. Johnson ‘s ” Charleston “, as well as the dance craze that defined a nation in the s.
The Jenkins Orphanage was established in by the Rev. Daniel J. Jenkins in Charleston. The orphanage accepted donations of musical instruments and Rev. Jenkins hired local Charleston musicians and Avery Institute Graduates to tutor the boys in music.
As a result, Charleston musicians became proficient on a variety of instruments and were able to read music expertly. William “Cat” Anderson , Jabbo Smith , and Freddie Green are but a few of the alumni who became professional musicians. Orphanages around the country began to develop brass bands in the wake of the Jenkins Orphanage Band’s success. As many as five bands were on tour during the s. The story was based in Charleston and featured the Gullah community.
The Heywards insisted on hiring the real Jenkins Orphanage Band to portray themselves on stage. George Gershwin and Heyward spent the summer of at Folly Beach outside of Charleston writing this “folk opera”, as Gershwin called it.
Porgy and Bess is considered the Great American Opera [ citation needed ] and is widely performed. Charleston has a vibrant theater scene and is home to America’s first theater. Most of the theaters are part of the League of Charleston Theatres, better known as Theatre Charleston. Charleston has many historic buildings, art and historical museums, public parks , and other attractions, including:.
Various books and films have been set in Charleston; some of the best known works are listed below. Commercial shipping is important to the economy. The city has two shipping terminals, of a total of five terminals owned and operated by the South Carolina Ports Authority in the Charleston metropolitan area, which are part of the fourth-largest container seaport on the East Coast and the seventh-largest container seaport in the United States.
Sometimes known as Silicon Harbor,   the city is becoming a popular location for high tech and innovation ,  and this sector has had the highest rate of growth between and , due in large part to the Charleston Digital Corridor. In , the Milken Institute ranked the Charleston region as the ninth-best performing economy in the US because of its growing IT sector.
Charleston has a strong mayor-council government , with the mayor acting as the chief administrator and the executive officer of the municipality. The mayor also presides over city council meetings and has a vote, the same as other council members.
The current mayor, since , is John Tecklenburg The council has 12 members who are each elected from single-member districts. The City of Charleston Fire Department consists over full-time firefighters. These firefighters operate out of 21 companies located throughout the city: 16 engine companies, two tower companies, two ladder companies, a heavy rescue company, a HAZ-MAT unit and several special units.
Training, Fire Marshall, Operations, and Administration are the divisions of the department. The department is presently led by Chief Daniel Curia. The City of Charleston Police Department , with a total of sworn officers, civilians, and 27 reserve police officers, is South Carolina’s largest police department. He follows Greg Mullen and Reuben Greenberg.
Chief Reynolds is credited with continuing successful community outreach programs such as The Illumination Project and fostering a culture of mutual respect. Under Chief Reynolds, the agency has successfully withstood challenges such as the Coronavirus and downtown disturbances.
Additionally, the agency continues to recruit police candidates in a competitive market. The city is served by the EMS and services of both Charleston and Berkeley counties since the city is part of both counties. Charleston is the primary medical center for the eastern portion of the state.
The downtown medical district is experiencing rapid growth of biotechnology and medical research industries coupled with substantial expansions of all the major hospitals. Additionally, more expansions are planned or underway at another major hospital located in the West Ashley portion of the city: Bon Secours-St Francis Xavier Hospital. Personnel from Station Charleston are highly trained professionals, composed of federal law enforcement officers, boat crewmen, and coxswains who are capable of completing a wide range of missions.
In , the Coast Guard announced plans to construct a 2,acre 11 km 2 “superbase” on the former Charleston Naval Shipyard complex to consolidate all its Charleston-area facilities and become the homeport for five Security cutters and additional offshore cutters. The following table shows Charleston’s crime rate for six crimes that Morgan Quitno uses to calculate the ranking of “America’s most dangerous cities”, in comparison to the national average.
The statistics shown are for the number of crimes committed per , people. Since , the overall crime rate of Charleston has declined markedly. The total crime index rate for Charleston in was The national average [ when? It is located in the City of North Charleston and is about 12 mi 19 km northwest of downtown Charleston.
The airport shares runways with the adjacent Charleston Air Force Base. Charleston Executive Airport is a smaller airport located in the John’s Island section of the city of Charleston and is used by noncommercial aircraft. Both airports are owned and operated by the Charleston County Aviation Authority.
Bridge and Meeting Street. The Arthur Ravenel Jr. Bridge and Septima Clark Expressway are part of U. This highway merges with King Street in the city’s Neck area industrial district. Bridge across the Cooper River opened on July 16, , and was the longest cable-stayed bridge in the Americas at the time of its construction.
The height of the bridge varies, but it is estimated that it has a height of feet. Pearman Bridge built in They were considered two of the more dangerous bridges in America and were demolished after the Ravenel Bridge opened.
Most of the urban area is served by regional fixed route buses, which are equipped with bike racks as part of the system’s Rack and Ride program. CARTA offers connectivity to historic downtown attractions and accommodations with the Downtown Area Shuttle trolley buses, and it offers curbside pickup for disabled passengers with its Tel-A-Ride buses. A bus rapid transit system is in development, called Lowcountry Rapid Transit that will connect Charleston to Summerville through North Charleston.
Rural parts of the city and metropolitan area are served by a different bus system, operated by Berkeley-Charleston-Dorchester Rural Transportation Management Association.
The system is also commonly called the TriCounty Link. The Port of Charleston, owned and operated by the South Carolina Ports Authority, is one of the largest ports in the United States, ranked seventh in the top 25 by containerized cargo volume in Today, the Port of Charleston boasts the deepest water in the southeast region and regularly handles ships too big to transit through the Panama Canal. A harbor-deepening project  is currently underway to take the Port of Charleston’s entrance channel to 54 feet and harbor channel to 52 feet at mean low tide.
With an average high tide of 6 feet, the depth clearances will become 60 feet and 58 feet, respectively.
Part of Union Pier Treminal, in the city of Charleston, is a cruise ship passenger terminal which hosted numerous cruise departures annually through Beginning in May , until cruise operations were interrupted in April , the Carnival Sunshine was permanently stationed in Charleston, offering 4, 5, and 7-day cruises to the Caribbean. With three dry docks, one floating dock, and six piers, Detyens Shipyard, Inc.
Projects include military, commercial, and cruise ships. Bishop England , Porter-Gaud School , and Ashley Hall are the city’s oldest and most prominent private schools, and are a significant part of Charleston history, dating back some years.
Charleston is also home to the Roper Hospital School of Practical Nursing, and the city has a downtown satellite campus for the region’s technical school, Trident Technical College. Charleston has the only college in the country that offers bachelor’s degrees in the building arts, The American College of the Building Arts. Charleston is the nation’s 89th-largest Designated market area DMA , with , households and 0. TV population.
As a population and wealth center with colleges and cultural outlets, Charleston has produced many notable people in all fields. Among the most notable historical and contemporary figures are:.
Charleston’s sister cities are: . The historic city provided a perfect fit: intimate enough that the Festival would captivate the entire city, yet cosmopolitan enough to provide an enthusiastic audience and robust infrastructure. Sister city relation with Panama City was described as follows: . As you may be aware, the city of Charleston, like the city of Panama City, is a historic port City that shares a proud and prosperous history. Our stories are very similar as reflected by our citizens of European, African, Caribbean, native descent, our cuisine, our architecture, and our mutual modern growth in meritime commerce.
As Panama City is enjoying a global surge of interest so is Charleston, being ranked as a top destination for travellers, commerce, technology, education, culture and fashion. Charleston is also twinned with Speightstown. The first colonists to settle in the region designed the original parts of Charlestown based on the plans of Barbados’s capital city, Bridgetown.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Largest city in the U. City in the United States. The Holy City, . Charleston districts 1. Main article: History of Charleston, South Carolina. For a chronological guide, see Timeline of Charleston, South Carolina.
Main article: Charleston in the American Civil War. Main article: Charleston earthquake. Main article: Charleston riot of This section does not cite any sources.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Interactive map of Charleston city limits. Main article: Music in Charleston. See also: Charleston Historic District. See also: Economy of South Carolina. Main article: Port of Charleston. See also: List of schools in Charleston, South Carolina. Main article: Media in Charleston, South Carolina.
Main article: List of people from Charleston, South Carolina. Riley, Jr. Mayor, City of Charleston — Low Country Walking Tours. Archived from the original on August 10, Retrieved November 28, Gazetteer Files”. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 16, Retrieved July 29, August 12, Archived from the original on August 24, Retrieved August 14, United States Geological Survey. October 25, Archived from the original on March 3, Retrieved October 1, Archived from the original on July 1, Retrieved May 21, National Association of Counties.
Archived from the original on May 31, Retrieved June 7, Census Bureau for statistical purposes only.