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She is also a strong advocate for equal opportunity, and she works tirelessly to ensure that all students have access to quality education regardless of their socioeconomic status or race. Antonia is a gifted educator, and she is widely respected within the education community. She has received numerous awards and accolades for her work, including being named one of the “Top 10 Educators to Watch” by Education Week magazine.

Skip to content. Table of Contents. By Antonia Leonard Antonia Leonard is an education expert who has dedicated her life to helping students achieve their academic goals.

See all posts by Antonia Leonard. You might also like:. May 31, The people of India are predominantly Caucasoid. Their features, hair texture, hairiness, the shape of the nose, mouth, and so on, are all distinctly Caucasoid. It is only in some of the far, out-of-the-way places of India, as in this country, that you find certain traces of other races.

The theory propounded by German comparative philologists in the s and s “maintained that the speakers of Indo-European languages in India, Persia, and Europe were of the same culture and race. Although anthropologists classify Dravidians as Caucasoid with the “Mediterranean-Caucasoid” type being the most predominant, [7] [8] [9] [10] the racial status of the Dravidians was initially disputed.

In , ethnographer Friedrich Ratzel remarked about the “Mongolian features” of Dravidians, resulting in what he described as his “hypothesis of their [Dravidians] close connection with the population of Tibet”, whom he adds “Tibetans may be decidedly reckoned in the Mongol race”. Doubtless a pre-Dravidian negroid type came first, of low stature and mean physique, though these same are, in India, the result of poor social and economic conditions.

Dravidians succeeded negroids, and there may have been Malay intrusions, but Australian affinities are denied. Then succeeded Aryan and Mongol, forming the present potporri through conquest and blending. Edgar Thurston [ year needed ] named what he called Homo Dravida and described it close to Australoids, with Caucasoid Indo-Aryan admixture.

As evidence, he adduced the use of the boomerang by Kallar and Maravar warriors and the proficiency at tree-climbing among both the Kadirs of the Anamalai hills and the Dayaks of Borneo. The Veddhas Caldwell] is inclined to believe in the Caucasian physical type of the Dravidians. To prove the general correctness of his reasoning, he points to the physical type of Todas , who are so distinctly Caucasic in the opinion of so many persons that they have been regarded as Celts, Romans, or Jews and of all the Dravidian tribes, [Todas] have been the most secluded.

Later, Carleton S. Coon , in his book The Races of Europe , reaffirmed this assessment and classified the Dravidians as Caucasoid due to their “Caucasoid skull structure” and other physical traits such as noses, eyes and hair, and 20th century anthropologists classified Dravidians as Caucasoid with the “Mediterranean-Caucasoid” type being the most predominant. Brahmans were described as ‘the oldest of the martial classes’. Brahmans were recruited by Indian Army in a different guise long before their sudden rediscovery by Claude Auchinleck as ‘the oldest of the martial classes’.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 28 June For information about population of India, see Demographics of India. Indian Census Archived at the Wayback Machine Arcade Publishing, What Is Hinduism? Himalayan Academy Publications.

Archived from the original on 25 December Introduction to the Constitution of India 21 ed. Raman , Hinduism and Science: Some Reflections, Zygon – Journal of Religion and Science, 47 3 : —, Quote page : “Aside from nontheistic schools like the Samkhya , there have also been explicitly atheistic schools in the Hindu tradition. Hinduism, a way of life. Motilal Banarsidass Publ.

Retrieved 9 April Philosophy East and West. Moore Princeton University Press. Atheism and Secularity. Retrieved 7 September Retrieved 3 February An introduction to the Baha’i faith.

A Guide to New Religious Movements. InterVarsity Press. Archived from the original PDF on 16 October Retrieved 3 September Walter de Gruyter. Retrieved 6 May Retrieved 29 June Pacific Affairs. Dynamics of Change in the Modern Hindu Family. South Asia Books.

Facts About India. Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 11 October A History of India. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN , p. PMID Retrieved 9 November Ancient system of oriental medicine. Anmol Publications PVT. A comprehensive history of India. Blackie and son. Economic History of India. Indian Fashion: Tradition, Innovation, Style. Retrieved 4 June The Story of Our Food. Universities Press.

Retrieved 18 June Psychology Press. Retrieved 31 August Sharpes Peter Lang. On food and cooking. Indian music, Part 2, Volume 6. Sanskrit Documents. Sangeet Natak Akademi, New Delhi. Retrieved 5 October A History of Mathematics Second ed. Retrieved 19 December Retrieved 1 October Sports Pundit. Retrieved 10 March Jersey City Independent.

Archived from the original on 30 June Retrieved 26 December Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 11 May Archived from the original on 22 December Archived from the original PDF on 4 March Archived from the original on 4 March Archived from the original on 14 November Retrieved 8 July The Palgrave Handbook of Ethnicity. New System of Slavery. Hansib Publishing, London. St Martin’s Press.

Lucia’s Indian Arrival Day”. Caribbean Repeating Islands. The American Journal of Human Genetics. PMC Middle kingdoms Chola. Mughals Marathas European trade Bengal War. East North Northeast South West. Army Navy Air Force. Society and culture. Immigration to India. Nigerians Somalis Ugandans. Chinese Tibetians Japanese Koreans Mongolians. Burmese Filipinos Malaysians Singaporeans Thais.

Arabs Armenians Iraqis Israelis Turks. Americans Canadians. Brazilians Guyanese. Authority control.


Racial Groups of India – 1. Buddh International Circuit, Greater Noida


Indians or Indian people are the citizens and nationals of the Republic of India. According to the Indian national census , the population of India stood at over 1. In addition to the Indian population, the Indian overseas diaspora also boasts large numbers, particularly in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf and the Western world. Particularly in North America , the terms “Asian Indian” and “East Indian” are sometimes used to differentiate Indians from the indigenous peoples of the Americas ; although the misidentification of indigenous Americans as Indians occurred during the European colonization of the Americas , the term “Indian” is still used as an identifier for indigenous populations in North America and the Caribbean , but very rarely now and are called indigenous, Amerindian, and specifically First Nations in Canada , and Native American in the United States , including in official discourse and in law.

The first great empire of the Indian people was the Maurya Empire having Patliputra currently Patna , Bihar as its capital, conquered the major part of South Asia in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC during the reign of the Indian Emperors Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka alongside their senior advisor, Acharya Chanakya , the world’s pioneer of the fields of political science and economics.

The next great ancient empire of the Indian people was the Gupta Empire. This period, witnessing a Hindu religious and intellectual resurgence, is known as the classical or ” Golden Age of India “. During this period, aspects of Indian civilisation, administration, culture, and Hinduism and Buddhism spread to much of Asia , while the Chola Empire in the south had flourishing maritime trade links with the Roman Empire during this period.

During the early medieval period the great Rashtrakuta dynasty governed most of the Indian subcontinent from the 8th to 10th centuries and the Indian Emperor Amoghavarsha of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty was described by the Arab traveller Sulaiman as one of the four great kings of the world.

During the late medieval period the great Vijayanagara Empire ruled most of southern India from the 14th to 16th centuries and reached its peak during the reign of the south Indian Emperor Sri Krishnadevaraya [44] The medieval Kerala School of Astronomy and Mathematics flourished during this period under such well known south Indian mathematicians as Madhava c.

The Mughal Empire consolidated much of the Indian sub-continent under a single realm. Under the Mughals, India developed a strong and stable economy, leading to commercial expansion and greater patronage of culture, greatly influencing Indian society.

The Marathas and Sikhs emerged in the 17th century and established the Maratha Empire and Sikh Empire , which became the dominant powers in India in the 18th century. The decline of Mughal Empire and Maratha Empire from the late 18th century to the midth century lead to large areas of India being annexed by the British East India Company of the British Empire and witnessed a period of rapid development of infrastructure, economic decline and major famines.

India is one of the world’s oldest civilisations. This particularly concerns the spread of Hinduism , Buddhism , architecture , administration and writing system from India to other parts of Asia through the Silk Road by the travellers and maritime traders during the early centuries of the Common Era.

India is the birthplace of Hinduism , Buddhism , Jainism and Sikhism , collectively known as Indian religions. Today, Hinduism and Buddhism are the world’s third- and fourth-largest religions respectively, with over 1 billion followers altogether, [78] [79] [80] and possibly as many as 1.

Religious diversity and religious tolerance are both established in the country by the law and by custom ; the Constitution of India has declared the right to freedom of religion to be a fundamental right. Traditionally, Indian society is grouped according to their caste. Most Indian states are majority Hindu. Due to this limitation in the Indian census process, the data for persons not affiliated with any religion may not be accurate. Christianity is widespread in Northeast India , parts of southern India, particularly in Kerala and among various populations of Central India.

Muslims are the largest religious minority. India is also home to the third-largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia and Pakistan. Historically, India had a prevailing tradition of the joint family system or undivided family. Joint family system is an extended family arrangement prevalent throughout the Indian subcontinent , particularly in India.

The patriarch’s wife generally exerts control over the household, minor religious practices and often wields considerable influence in domestic matters. Family income flows into a common pool, from which resources are drawn to meet the needs of all members, which are regulated by the heads of the family.

Arranged marriages have been the tradition in Indian society. Marriage is considered a union of the two families rather than just the individuals, the process involved in an arranged marriage can be different depending on the communities and families. Recent survey study found that fewer marriages are purely arranged without consent and that the majority of surveyed Indian marriages are arranged with consent.

India’s clothing styles have continuously evolved over the course of history. Cotton was first cultivated in Indian subcontinent around the 5th millennium BC. Pagri is usually worn around head to complete the outfit. Indian food varies from region to region. A food classification system that categorised any item as saatvic , raajsic or taamsic developed in Yoga tradition. During this period, consumption of various types of meat became taboo , due to being considered sacred or impure.

While it primarily deals with stagecraft, it has come to influence music , classical dance , and literature as well. It covers stage design , music , dance , makeup , and virtually every other aspect of stagecraft.

Indian drama and theatre has a long history alongside its music and dance. Notable fable story-plays Panchatantra , Baital Pachisi , Kathasaritsagara , Brihatkatha and Jataka tales were performed in folk theatres since ancient period.

These literature’s were also influential in development of One Thousand and One Nights during medieval period. Indian people have played a major role in the development of the philosophy , sciences , mathematics , arts , architecture and astronomy throughout history. During the ancient period, notable mathematics accomplishment of India included Hindu—Arabic numeral system with decimal place-value and a symbol for zero , interpolation formula , Fibonacci’s identity , theorem , the first complete arithmetic solution including zero and negative solutions to quadratic equations.

Indian cultural aspects, religions , philosophy , arts and architecture have developed over several millennia and have spread through much of Asia in peaceful manner. In modern times, Indian people have continued to contribute to mathematics , sciences and astrophysics.

Raman , Har Gobind Khorana , Venkatraman Ramakrishnan , and Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar who is notable for currently accepted theory on the later evolutionary stages of massive stars, including black holes. The image of Bharat Mata formed with the Indian independence movement of the late 19th century. She is usually depicted as a woman clad in an orange or saffron sari holding a flag and sometimes accompanied by a lion.

Sports in India are mainly in two categories traditional sports and global sports. Traditional sports like gilli danda , kho kho , kabaddi are quite popular. On the other hand, Indians are highly enthusiastic about the game of cricket that it is treated as a religion in itself. In recent times with government support Olympic sports like shooting, archery, wrestling, javelin throw, swimming, badminton have gained prominence in the Indian society. Although, population groups originating in different parts of the Indian subcontinent and within the international borders of the modern country of India had been migrating to Southeast Asia , East Asia , Central Asia , North Africa , and even along Europe’s Mediterranean coast, the Indian diaspora generally socio-politically or historically refers to those whose families or themselves migrated to other parts of the world after the British Empire established itself in India.

Population estimates vary from a conservative 12 million to 20 million-person diaspora. The British Indian community had grown to number over one million. An overwhelming majority of There are over 1. According to Statistics Canada, Indo-Canadians are one of the fastest-growing visible minority groups in Canada, making up the second-largest group of non-European descent in the country after Chinese Canadians.

The Indo-Canadian community can trace its history in Canada back years to when a contingent of Sikh soldiers visited the western coast of Canada, primarily British Columbia which at the time was very sparsely populated and the Canadian government wanted to settle in order to prevent a takeover of the territory by the United States.

More than a million people of South Asian descent live in South Africa, with their ancestors having left colonial India mostly as indentured labourers, and with smaller numbers emigrating later as “Passenger Indians”, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

They are concentrated around the city of Durban. They were classified as members of an “Indian” race under the country’s defunct Apartheid system. After slavery was abolished in the European colonies, Indians were hired under the Indian indenture system to become indentured laborers to fill the need for cheap labor and for their skills in agriculture.

In the English-speaking Caribbean and Suriname , Indians primarily came from the Hindi Belt , especially the Awadh region in central and eastern Uttar Pradesh and the Bhojpur region of eastern Uttar Pradesh, western Bihar , and northwestern Jharkhand , along with a significant minority who came from South India , and a smaller minority who came from other parts of India. They arrived from the late s to the early s as indentured laborers to work primarily on sugarcane estates , as well as on cocoa , rice , banana , coconut , and coffee estates after indentureship.

After the first wave of migration of indentured laborers, more Indians from Gujarat , Sindh , Kutch , Punjab , Bengal , and South India came to the Caribbean for business and professional occupations from the s till present-day. There are more than a million Indo-Caribbeans. In Trinidad and Tobago , Guyana , and Suriname they are the largest ethnic groups.

Hence, their dialect of Hindustani, known as Caribbean Hindustani collectively, is based mostly on Bhojpuri and Awadhi, and it became the lingua franca of the early Indians. Also, since they formed the largest group of Indians, the traditions and culture from the Bhojpur and Awadh regions became the dominant culture for the Indians in those countries. France sent southern Indians to its colonies in the Caribbean as indentured laborers, hence there are also many residents of Indian descent in Guadeloupe , Martinique , and French Guiana , mostly of southern Indian descent.

Many Indo-Caribbeans have migrated to the United States , United Kingdom , Canada , the Netherlands , and France , and few of them have even seasonally migrated to the neighboring Latin American and other Caribbean countries as migrant workers. Indo-Caribbeans are known as the descendants of the jahajis or girmityas.

Recent genome studies appear to show that South Asians are a mixture of two major ancestral components, one component restricted to South Asia and the other component shared with Central Asia , West Asia , and Europe. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Citizens and nationals of the Republic of India. This article is about Indian people from India.

For other uses, see Indian disambiguation. Flag of India. Hinduism Islam. Main article: Names for India. Main articles: History of India and Greater India. Priest-King, Indus Valley civilisation. Map of the Mauryan Empire 3rd century BC. Main articles: Culture of India and Greater India. Main article: Indian cuisine. Main articles: Music of India and Dance in India. Main articles: List of Indian inventions and discoveries and history of science and technology in the Indian subcontinent.

Main article: Sport in India. No data. People of Indian origin have achieved a high demographic profile in metropolitan areas worldwide, including India Square , in the heart of Bombay , Jersey City , New Jersey , US, [] home to the highest concentration of Asian Indians in the Western Hemisphere [] and one of at least 24 enclaves characterized as a Little India which have emerged within the New York City Metropolitan Area , with the largest metropolitan Indian population outside Asia , as large-scale immigration from India continues into New York.

Main article: British Indians. Main article: Indo-Canadians. Main article: Indian South Africans. Main article: Indians in Tanzania. Main article: Genetics and archaeogenetics of South Asia.

Census of India.


What Race Are People From India? – CLJ.Historical definitions of races in India – Wikipedia


Moreover, federal agencies have a continuing commitment to monitor the operation of its review and award processes to detect, and deal appropriately with, any instances of real or apparent inequities. All analyses conducted on race and ethnicity report aggregate statistical findings and do not identify individuals. NIH collects racial and ethnic data on appointment forms, and using other formats certification letters, training tables, etc.

See, e. Implementation Timeline This Notice is effective upon its release date. Diversity in NIH Programs NIH encourages institutions to diversify their student and faculty populations to enhance the participation of individuals from groups identified as nationally underrepresented in the biomedical, clinical, behavioral and social sciences. In India, they can be divided into two branches-.

Paleo-Mongoloids – They were the first of the Mongoloids who came to India. These people are settled mainly in the border areas of the Himalayas. They are found mostly in Assam and the adjacent states. Tibeto-Mongoloids – These people came from Tibet and are settled mainly in Bhutan, Sikkim, areas of north-western Himalayas and beyond the Himalayas in which Ladakh and Baltistan are included.

The Mediterraneans – They came to India from the south-west Asia. They may be divided into three groups-. They were of medium height, black skin, well- built body and long head. Perhaps they were the people who had begun cultivation for the first time in the north-west India. The group which came later pushed them towards the central and the south India. At present, the Paleo-Mediterraneans with their other sub-groups comprise the most part of the population of the south India and a large part of the population of the north India.

They developed the Indus valley civilization in collaboration with the Proto-Australoids and initiated the bronze culture for the first time during BC. Later on, the new invading group coming from north-west pushed them from the Indus valley to the Ganga valley and towards the south of the Vindhyas. Today, most of the population of lower castes in the north India belongs to this race.

They are populated mostly in the north-western border areas of Pakistan and Punjab. Home India at a Glance Profile. Profile India at a Glance. Was this information useful? The Indian peninsula is separated from mainland Asia by the Himalayas.

The climate of India can broadly be classified as a tropical monsoon one. But, in spite of much of the northern part of India lying beyond the tropical zone, the entire country has a tropical climate marked by relatively high temperatures and dry winters. The mainland comprises of four regions, namely the great mountain zone, plains of the Ganga and the Indus, the desert region, and the southern peninsula.

Coal, iron ore, manganese ore, mica, bauxite, petroleum, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, magnesite, limestone, arable land, dolomite, barytes, kaolin, gypsum, apatite, phosphorite, steatite, fluorite, etc. Air pollution control, energy conservation, solid waste management, oil and gas conservation, forest conservation, etc.


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